Mauiexpo Kennels Whelping Box
A whelping box (also nesting box or whelping pen) is designed to protect puppies during birth (whelping) and early life by keeping them safely contained, protected from cold, and safe from the danger of crushing or smothering by the mother.
Whelping boxes vary from improvised cardboard boxes to purpose built equipment, typically made of plywood. The sides of the box are designed to be high enough to safely contain the puppies, yet low enough to allow the mother to enter and leave comfortably, with consideration given to her protruding mammary glands. The bottom of the box may be lined with specially designed “whelping pads,” or layers of newspaper (or fabric) to provide insulation from cold floors and to absorb fluids.
A low railing, termed a guard-rail or bumper-rail, may be present around the inside of the box. This is to protect puppies from being crushed or smothered by the mother should she roll over during birthing or while asleep. This is considered especially important with larger dog breeds.